Anti-lag turbo systems

subaru wrx sti engine bay

Ford’s third-generation GT may be the Blue Oval’s most advanced car yet, but it features an old-school anti-lag system borrowed from the race car version and linking back to Formula 1 and WRC’s flame-spitting turbocharged glory days.

The GT features five drive modes, and rotating its F1-style knob to either the Sport or Track modes enables the anti-lag system (ALS). Details remain a mystery for now ahead of the car’s international launch, but we know the trick lies in managing the throttle opening and fuel delivery.

In a nutshell, the idea is that the ECU detects when the driver has lifted off the accelerator pedal and feeds more petrol into the cylinders when the throttle is closed – igniting excess fuel in the exhaust manifold and using the resulting kinetic energy to keep the turbine spinning.

The result is more instantaneous throttle response once the driver gets back on the gas.

Ford GT gen three
As most manufacturers continue their exodus from natural aspiration to turbocharging to recoup performance from more efficient, downsized engines, Ford’s move is a fascinating one in an era of clever solutions.

Twin-scroll, variable geometry, sequential and even electric turbos have all helped to reduce turbo lag in modern cars, though while most have made lumpy power delivery history there can still be a fraction of delay even with the most successful executions.

Swedish brand Volvo introduced an alternative approach recently with its simple yet cunning PowerPulse system. Integrated into its D5 sequential twin-turbo diesel engine, it combined an electrically driven compressor and compact air tank.

 Anti lag turbo system engine
Fresh air taken from the air filter is compressed in the tank and, when the driver gives the gas pedal a good prod, the compressed air is unleashed into the exhaust manifold with enough force to spin the smaller turbine from 20,000 to 150,000rpm in just a third of a second.

We’ll take the GT’s approach, however, as it promises to deliver the classic “bang-bang” rally car sounds off throttle, if not the fiery tailpipes.

ALS IN MOTORSPORT

Big wings, big power. The Eighties were the truly wild era of Formula 1 and the World Rally Championship, and turbo power was the common denominator.

By the middle of the decade, F1 cars were smashing 1000kW-plus with qualifying-spec engines built to last just a handful of laps. Yet even the world’s brightest engineers struggled to solve the chronic issue of lag at lower revs, which could be as long as two seconds according to drivers of the time.

Anti lag turbo formula 1Ferrari is believed to have been the first team in F1 to experiment with an anti-lag system – injecting fuel directly into the turbine section of the turbo ­– though the team’s 1982 and 1983 constructors’ titles owed more to the 126C’s strong aero and chassis.

In world rallying, Saab’s 99 Turbo was winning rallies before Audi’s five-cylinder turbo Quattro started the AWD revolution – though the Ingolstadt brand was first to employ anti-lag techniques. Like Ferrari, it squirted petrol into the turbo to keep it spinning on the overrun.

Turbos were banned from F1 after 1988 on safety grounds, and WRC’s glorious Group B era was abruptly ended by a series of fatalities. Rallying has persisted with the turbo formula, and today’s WRC contenders include anti-lag systems.

Get your free weekly report from the world of fast cars - subscribe to the MOTOR newsletter!